FORCEPS DELIVERY

Jul 24, 2008


































FORCEPS DELIVERY
- designed to rotate or for extracting the fetal head

TYPES OF FORCEPS:

  1. low forceps operation-forceps applied after the head had reach the perineal floor with sagittal suture in the antero posterior diameter of the outlet
  2. mid forceps delivery- applied before the criteria for low forceps are met but after engagement has taken place
  3. high forceps operation- applied before engagement when taken place

]Forceps be applied if:
  • pelvic is adequate without disproportion
  • fetal head is engaged
  • cervix is in full dilatation
  • membrane is ruptured
  • rectum and bladder should be empty

NURSING CARES:
  • explain to the woman that forceps is to be applied to extract the baby
  • emotional support to feel comfortable
  • rest assured that it is safe to alleviate anxiety
  • let her void to empty the bladder
  • encourage relaxation between contraction and use of abdominal muscles and pushing with contraction

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