ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME

Jan 19, 2009

AIDS- ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME - caused by retrovirus that attacks helper T macrophages which the cells that protect us from disease.

STAGES OF AIDS INFECTION:

FIRST STAGE:

  • positive antibodies in the blood stream
  • swollen lymph nodes
SECOND STAGE
  • related complex syndrome
  • weight loss
  • night sweats
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • diarrhea
THIRD STAGE
  • full blown AIDS
  • develop pneumonia
  • skin cancer
  • neuromuscular disease
  • psychological disturbances
  • die after several years

MODE OF TRANSMISSION:
  • transmitted by blood- through blood transfusion when the blood is infected with AIDS virus
  • transmitted through semen or vaginal fluid - when making sex with multiple partners or a single infected partner
  • transmitted through needle-using addicts
  • AIDS virus can cross the placenta- infant can acquired the infection through intrauterine exposure
EFFECT ON PREGNANCY
  • premature rupture of the membrane
  • preterm delivery
EFFECT ON THE FETUS:
  • infant acquire the disease


PREVENTION:
  • use of condoms decrease the risk of acquiring the disease
  • monogamy with sexual partner who is not infected

my nursing notes

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